The nation’s American Indian and Alaska Native resident population grew by 456,292 between 2000 and 2010, to 2.9 million.
The American Indian and Alaska Native resident population has grown more rapidly than the nation’s population as a whole during the last decade, 18% versus 9.7% between 2000 and 2010.
According to population projections, the nation’s American Indian and Alaska Native resident population will grow to 6.3 million by 2060. This means that this race group will increase its population by more than half from now to 2060, and will increase its percentage of the total population from 1.2% to 1.5%.
43.8% of the American Indian and Alaska Native population reported multiple races in 2010. The only race group with a higher percentage of individuals reporting multiple races was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders (55.9% reported multiple races) in 2010.
About 63% of the American Indian and Alaska Native population who reported having multiple races, reported one race combination: White and Native American and Alaska Native. White and Native American and Alaska Native is the fourth largest multiple-race combination in the United States in 2010. 1.4 million people have this race combination.
The nation’s American Indian and Alaska Native resident population is young, with an estimated median age of 29 years in 2010, 8 years lower than the median for the population as a whole.
There were an estimated 266,000 American Indians and Alaska Natives age 65 and over residing in the United States as of 2012, while 1.3 million American Indians and Alaska Natives are age 19 or younger.