What is the U.S. Census? Why is it important?
- Constitutional requirement that every person in nation be counted at least once every 10 years beginning in 1790;
- Primary purpose of the census is to provide population counts for reapportionment in determining number of representatives in the House of Representatives;
- Primary source of data for small geographic areas;
- Many Federal programs distribute funds based upon data from the census, i.e., population, income and employment.