Photos and Images: Copyright & Fair Use


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Copyright and Fair Use

Citing Images (APA)

Like written sources, images also need to be properly cited. Always indicate, or cite where you found the image. Here are examples of the information needed to identify the source of an image.

In-Text Citation

(Artist Surname, Year)

(Baumel, 2010)


Reference List

Artist Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Title of the artwork [Format]. Retrieved from URL (address of web site)


Baumel, A.  (2010). Cholera treatment center in Haiti [Online image]. Retrieved October 2, 2010 from


No Author

Title of work [Type of work]. (Year image was created). Retrieved from URL (address of web site)


Flu epidemic [Online image]. (1919).Retrieved November 6, 2010 from

No Author, No Title, No Date*

[Subject and type of work]. Retrieved from URL (address of web site)


[Untitled illustration of a sleeping dog ]. Retrieved December 5, 2010 from http://www.sleepinganimals/

*Many images found on the Web fall under this category. Try to locate the missing information by clicking on the image, and/or looking at the bottom of the image.

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