Surveys in intercensal years
Unlike a census which is a 100-percent sample survey and collects information about every member of a population, a survey is a method of collecting and analyzing social, economic, and geographic data through a sample of population. It provides more information about the conditions of the United States, states, and counties. Throughout the decade between censuses the census bureau is continually conducting surveys to produce a general view and comprehensive study of the United States' social and economic conditions.
- American Community Survey (ACS) ACS is an ongoing survey that provides data every year -- giving communities the current information they need to plan investments and services. Information from the survey generates data that help determine how more than $400 billion in federal and state funds are distributed each year.
- Current Population Survey (CPS) CPS s the primary source of labor force statistics for the population of the United States. It is the source of numerous high-profile economic statistics, including the national unemployment rate, and provides data on a wide range of issues relating to employment and earnings. The CPS also collects extensive demographic data that complement and enhance our understanding of labor market conditions in the nation overall, among many different population groups, in the states and in substate areas.