American Peace Movements
This online book traces the history of one of the most important forces for peace, the American peace movements of the 20th Century. There have been six mass-based peace movements, each responding to a particular war or threat of war. They developed in response to the Spanish-American and Philippine Wars of 1898-1902, World War I 1914-1918, the rise of European fascism, 1932-1938, the rise of the Cold War 1946-1950, the Vietnam War 1965-1972 and the threat of a first-strike nuclear war from 1980 to 1990. Each of the six peace movements will be described in turn, including their program, the social class relations of the people involved, the problems they encountered, and the extent to which they were successful.